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* [[Artificial lake]]: A lake created by [[flood]]ing land behind a [[dam]], called an impoundment or [[Reservoir (water)|reservoir]]; by deliberate human excavation; or by the flooding of an excavation incident to a mineral-extraction operation such as an [[open-pit mining|open pit mine]] or [[quarry]]. Some of the world's largest lakes are reservoirs.
[[ගොනුව:Kuekenhoff Canal 002.jpg|220px|thumb|A man-made lake in [[Keukenhof]], [[Netherlands]]]]
* [[Endorheic basin|Endorheic]], terminal or closed: A lake which has no significant outflow, either through rivers or underground diffusion. Any water within an endorheic basin leaves the system only through [[evaporation]] or [[Seepage#Permeability and seepage|seepage]]. These lakes, such as [[Lake Eyre]] in central [[
* [[Meromictic]]: A lake which has layers of water which do not intermix. The deepest layer of water in such a lake does not contain any dissolved oxygen. The layers of sediment at the bottom of a meromictic lake remain relatively undisturbed because there are no living [[aerobic organisms]].
* [[Fjord|Fjord lake]]: A lake in a glacially eroded valley that has been eroded below sea level.
* '''Antarctica''' - [[Lake Vostok]] (subglacial)
* '''Asia''' - [[Caspian Sea]], also the largest on Earth. However, Europe-Asia border is conventionally drawn through it - the largest entirely in Asia is [[Lake Baikal]].
* '''Europe''' - [[Lake Ladoga]], followed by [[Lake Onega]], both located in northwestern [[Russia]].
* '''North America''' - [[Lake Michigan-Huron]]