"මවු බස" හි සංශෝධන අතර වෙනස්කම්

සුළු
robot Adding: bg:Роден език; cosmetic changes
සුළු (robot Adding: tl:Katutubong wika)
සුළු (robot Adding: bg:Роден език; cosmetic changes)
{{සැකිල්ල:පරිවර්ථනය කළ යුතු}}
මවු බස හෙවත් මුල් බස (සංඛේතය - L1)) (english = first language / mother tongue / native language / arterial language) is the language a human being learns from birth.<ref>Bloomfield, Leonard. [http://books.google.com/books?id=Gfrd-On5iFwC&dq Language] ISBN 812081196881-208-1196-8</ref> A person's first language is a basis for [[sociolinguistic]] [[identity]].<ref>[http://books.google.com/books?id=JeTwQB5doD4C&dq The Native Speaker: Myth and Reality By Alan Davies] ISBN 18535962211-85359-622-1 {{pn}}</ref>
 
== සබැඳි වචන ==
In some countries such as [[Kenya]] and [[India]], "mother tongue" is used to indicate the language of one's [[ethnic group]] (ethnic tongue), in both common and journalistic parlance (e.g. 'I have no apologies for not learning my mother tongue', rather than one's first language. A similar usage of the term was employed in [[Republic of Ireland|Ireland]] in the early-to-mid twentieth century, with [[Irish Language|Irish]] being referred to as the "mother tongue" of all [[Irish people]], even of those whose first language was [[English language|English]]. Also in [[Singapore]], "mother tongue" refers to the language of one's [[ethnic group]] regardless of actual proficiency, while the "first language" refers to the English language, which is the [[lingua franca]] for most post-independence Singaporeans due to its use as the language of instruction in government schools and as a working language despite it not being a native tongue for most Singaporeans.
 
[[Imageගොනුව:Int-mother-lang-day-monument.jpg|right|thumb|International Mother Language Day Monument in Sydney, Australia, unveiling ceremony, 19 February 2006]]
[[J. R. R. Tolkien]] in his 1955 lecture ''[[English and Welsh]]'' distinguishes the "native tongue" from the "cradle tongue", the latter being the language one happens to learn during early childhood, while one's true "native tongue" may be different, possibly determined by an [[genetic memory|inherited linguistic taste]], and may later in life be discovered by a strong emotional affinity to a specific dialect (Tolkien personally confessed to such an affinity to the [[Middle English]] of the [[West Midlands (region)|West Midlands]] in particular).
 
One can have two or more native languages, thus being a native [[bilingual]] or indeed ''[[Multilingualism|multilingual]]''. The order in which these languages are learned is not necessarily the order of proficiency. For instance, a [[French language|French]]-speaking couple might have a daughter who learned French first, then [[English language|English]]; but if she were to grow up in an English speaking country, she would likely be proficient in English.
 
The Brazilian linguist [[Cleo Altenhofen]] considers the denomination "mother tongue" in its general usage to be imprecise and subject to various interpretations that are biased linguistically, especially with respect to bilingual children from ethnic minority groups. He cites his own experience as a bilingual speaker of [[Portuguese language]] and [[Riograndenser Hunsrückisch]], a German-rooted language brought to [[southern Brazil]] by the first German immigrants. In his case, like that of many children whose [[home language]] differs from the language of the environment (the 'official' language), it is debatable which language is his 'mother tongue'. Many scholars gave definitions of 'mother tongue' through the years based on common usage, the emotional relation of the speaker towards the language, and even its dominance in relation to the environment. However, all of these criteria lack precision.
 
== Definitions ==
*Definition based on function: the language(s) one uses most.
 
== See also ==
* [[Child Of Deaf Adult]]
* [[Human speechome project]] at MIT
* [[Third Culture Kids]]
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
[[Categoryප්‍රවර්ගය:Language acquisition]]
 
[[af:Moedertaal]]
[[arz:اللغة الام]]
[[ast:Llingua materna]]
[[bg:Роден език]]
[[bn:মাতৃভাষা]]
[[br:Yezh vamm]]

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