"දකුණු අප්‍රිකා ජාතික ක්‍රිකට් කණ්ඩායම" හි සංශෝධන අතර වෙනස්කම්

As of 28 September 2017, South Africa is ranked second [[ICC Test Championship#Current rankings|in Tests]], first [[ICC ODI Championship#Current rankings|in ODIs]] and sixth [[ICC T20I Championship#Current rankings|in T20Is]] by the ICC.<ref name="ICCrankings">{{cite web|url=http://www.espncricinfo.com/rankings/content/page/211271.html |title=ICC rankings – ICC Test, ODI and Twenty20 rankings |publisher=[[ESPNcricinfo]] |accessdate=2 January 2017}}</ref>
 
==ඉතිහාසය==
==History==
European colonisation of southern Africa began on Tuesday 6 April 1652 when the [[Dutch East India Company]] established a settlement called the [[Cape Colony]] on [[Table Bay]], near present-day [[Cape Town]], and continued to expand into the hinterland through the 17th and 18th centuries. It was founded as a victualling station for the Dutch East Indies trade route but soon acquired an importance of its own due to its good farmland and mineral wealth. There was no significant British interest in South Africa until 1795, when British troops under [[Sir James Craig]] seized Cape Colony during the [[French Revolutionary War]], the [[Netherlands]] having fallen to [[Napoleon Bonaparte|Napoleon]] the same year. After the British seized Cape Colony a second time in 1806 to counteract French interests in the region in the course of the [[Napoleonic Wars]], Cape Colony was turned into a permanent British settlement. As in most other parts of the world, British colonization brought in its wake the introduction of the game of [[cricket]], which began to develop rapidly. The first ever recorded cricket match in South Africa took place in 1808, in Cape Town between two service teams for a prize of one thousand rix-dollars.<ref>[http://bleacherreport.com/articles/79768-history-of-south-african-sport-vi-cricket History of South African sport - Cricket] BleacherReport. November 9, 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2017.</ref>
 
 
The [[anti-apartheid movement]] led the ICC to impose a moratorium on tours in 1970.<ref>{{cite book |last=Booth |first=Douglas |authorlink=Doug Booth |title=The Race Game: Sport and Politics in South Africa |publisher=[[Routledge]] |year=1998 |isbn=0-7146-4799-3 |page=99}}</ref> This decision excluded players such as [[Graeme Pollock]], [[Barry Richards]] and [[Mike Procter]] from partaking in international Test Cricket. It would also cause the emigration of future stars like, [[Basil D'Oliveira]], [[Allan Lamb]] and [[Robin Smith (cricketer)|Robin Smith]], who both played for England, and [[Kepler Wessels]], who initially played for Australia, before returning to South Africa. World class cricketers of their day like [[Clive Rice]], [[Vintcent van der Bijl]] also never played Test Cricket despite their first class records.
[[File:South African Cricket team 2008.jpg|thumb|left|400px|The South African team at [[The Oval]] in August 2008.]]
 
The [[International Cricket Council|ICC]] reinstated South Africa as a Test nation in 1991, and the team played its first [[:wikt:sanction|sanction]]ed international match since 1970 (and its first ever One-Day International) against [[India national cricket team|India]] in [[Calcutta]] on 10 November 1991. South Africa's first Test match after re-admission was played against the [[West Indies Cricket Team|West Indies]] in April 1992. The match was played in [[Bridgetown, Barbados]] and South Africa lost by 52 runs.
 
During this time of dominance in the Test arena, the ODI and T20I performances were far less consistent, as South Africa search for a winning formula ahead of the [[2014 ICC World Twenty20]] and the [[2015 ICC Cricket World Cup]]. A notable ODI series loss to [[New Zealand national cricket team|New Zealand]] at home in January 2013, and a further loss in [[Sri Lanka national cricket team|Sri Lanka]] highlighted South Africa's recent difficulties. Exits from the [[2012 ICC World Twenty20]] and the [[2013 ICC Champions Trophy]] only served to improve South Africa's reputation as 'chokers' in major tournaments. In the latter years of Smith's career, South Africa split the captaincy in the shorter forms of the game, with the ODI side being led by [[AB de Villiers]] and the T20I side by [[Faf du Plessis]]. After Smith's retirement, [[Hashim Amla]] was appointed captain of the test side, leading his side to victory in his first test in charge, in [[Galle]] in Sri Lanka.
 
 
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