| page = 409
After three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the [[1906 San Francisco earthquake|1906 earthquake and fire]],<ref name="Montagne"/> San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the [[Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915)|Panama-Pacific International Exposition]] nine years later. During [[
Today, San Francisco is one of the top tourist destinations in the world,<ref name="TravelandTourism"/> and is renowned for its cool summers, fog, steep rolling hills, [[San Francisco architecture|eclectic mix of architecture]], and landmarks including the [[Golden Gate Bridge]], [[San Francisco cable car system|cable cars]], the former [[Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary|prison]] on [[Alcatraz Island]], and its [[Chinatown, San Francisco|Chinatown]] district. It is also a primary banking and finance center.
}}</ref> Indeed, it was at the height of the [[Great Depression]] that San Francisco undertook two great civil engineering projects, simultaneously constructing the [[San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge]] and the [[Golden Gate Bridge]], completing them in 1936 and 1937 respectively. It was in this period that the island of [[Alcatraz Island|Alcatraz]], a former military stockade, began its service as a federal maximum security prison, housing notorious inmates such as [[Al Capone]], and [[Robert Franklin Stroud]], The Birdman of Alcatraz. San Francisco later celebrated its regained grandeur with a [[Expo (exhibition)|World's Fair]], the [[Golden Gate International Exposition]] in 1939–40, creating [[Treasure Island (California)|Treasure Island]] in the middle of the bay to house it.
| title = Port of Embarkation
| work=A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary:
| publisher=US Department of the Interior | date = August 28, 2007
The historic center of San Francisco is the northeast quadrant of the city anchored by [[Market Street (San Francisco)|Market Street]] and the waterfront. It is here that the [[Financial District, San Francisco|Financial District]] is centered, with [[Union Square (San Francisco)|Union Square]], the principal shopping and hotel district, nearby. [[Cable car (railway)|Cable cars]] carry riders up steep inclines to the summit of [[Nob Hill]], once the home of the city's business tycoons, and down to the waterfront tourist attractions of [[Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco|Fisherman's Wharf]], and [[Pier 39]], where many restaurants feature [[Dungeness crab]] from a still-active fishing industry. Also in this quadrant are [[Russian Hill, San Francisco|Russian Hill]], a residential neighborhood with the famously crooked [[Lombard Street (San Francisco)|Lombard Street]]; [[North Beach, San Francisco|North Beach]], the city's [[Little Italy]] and the former center of the [[Beat Generation]]; and [[Telegraph Hill, San Francisco|Telegraph Hill]], which features [[Coit Tower]]. Between Russian Hill and North Beach is San Francisco's [[Chinatown, San Francisco|Chinatown]], the oldest [[Chinatown]] in North America.<ref>[http://www.sanfranciscochinatown.com/history/index.html The Official San Francisco Chinatown Website]. Sanfranciscochinatown.com. Retrieved on 2012-02-16.</ref><ref>[http://www.mtholyoke.edu/offices/comm/csj/101102/chinatown.shtml Depicting Otherness: Images of San Francisco's Chinatown]. College Street Journal (October 11, 2002). Retrieved on 2012-02-16.</ref><ref name="Bacon, Daniel pages 52-53">Bacon, Daniel: Walking the Barbary Coast Trail 2nd ed., pp. 52–53, Quicksilver Press, 1997</ref><ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20110615053119/http://www.sanfranciscodays.com/chinatown/ Chinatown/Grant Avenue]. San Francisco Days</ref> The [[South of Market, San Francisco|South of Market]], which was once San Francisco's industrial core, has seen significant redevelopment following the addition of [[AT&T Park]] and an infusion of [[Startup company|startup companies]]. New skyscrapers, live-work lofts, and condominiums dot the area. Further development is taking place just to the south in [[Mission Bay, San Francisco|Mission Bay]], a former railyard now anchored by a second campus of the [[University of California, San Francisco]].
West of downtown, across [[Van Ness Avenue (San Francisco)|Van Ness Avenue]], lies the large [[Western Addition, San Francisco|Western Addition]] neighborhood, which became established with a large African American population after [[
| title = The Marina
| work=SFGate San Francisco Neighborhood Guide