"වස්කෝ ද ගාමා" හි සංශෝධන අතර වෙනස්කම්

සංස්කරණ සාරාංශයක් නොමැත
සුළු (r2.6.4) (රොබෝ එකතු කරමින්: pa:ਵਾਸਕੋ ਦ ਗਾਮਾ)
=== Malindi ===
[[File:Pillar of Vasco da Gama.jpg|thumb|Pillar of Vasco da Gama in [[Malindi]], {{Coord|3|13|25|S|40|7|47.8|E|type:landmark|display=inline}}.]]
In February 1498, Vasco da Gama continued north, landing at the friendlier port of [[Malindi]] - whose leaders were then in conflict with those of Mombasa - and there the expedition first noted evidence of Indian traders. Gama and his crew contracted the services of a pilot whose knowledge of the [[monsoon]] winds allowed him to bring the expedition the rest of the way to [[Calicut]] (Kozhikode), located on the southwest coast of India. Sources differ over the identity of the pilot, calling him variously a Christian, a Muslim, and a Gujarati. One traditional story describes the pilot as the famous Arab navigator [[Ibn Majid]], but other contemporaneous accounts place Majid elsewhere, and he could not have been near the vicinity at the time.<ref>{{cite book |last= Fernandez-Armesto |first= Felipe |title= Pathfinders: A Global History of Exploration |year= 2006 |publisher= W. W. Norton & Company |isbn= 0-393-06259-7 |pages= 178–179}}</ref> Also, none of the Portuguese historians of the time mention Ibn Majid.
 
=== Calicut, India ===
 
== Second voyage ==
{{mainමූලික| 4th Portuguese India Armada (Gama, 1502)}}
 
On 12 February 1502, Gama commnanded the [[4th Portuguese India Armada (Gama, 1502)|4th Portuguese ''Armada'' to India]], a fleet of fifteen ships and eight hundred men, with the object of enforcing Portuguese interests in the east. On reaching India in October 1502, Gama started capturing any Arab vessel he came across in Indian waters. While the Zamorin was willing to sign a treaty<ref>[http://66.102.7.104/u/northparkuniversity?q=cache:xiWVHIS7CAoJ:www.northpark.edu/history/webChron/WestEurope/DaGama.CP.html+DaGama+Mecca&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1&ie=UTF-8 Vasco da Gama Arrives in India 1498] (Google cached version) Dana Thompson, Felicity Ruiz, Michelle Mejiak; December 15, 1998. Retrieved 8 July 2006</ref>, Gama made a preposterous call to the [[Hindu]] King to expel all Muslims from Calicut which was naturally turned down. He bombarded the city that destroyed several houses on the sea shore and captured several rice vessels and barbariously cut off the crew's hands, ears and noses.<ref>Sreedhara Menon. A. A Survey of Kerala History(1967), p.152. D. C. Books Kottayam</ref> He returned to Portugal in September 1503. He then sailed south to [[Cochin]], a small vassal kingdom of Calicut where he was given a warm welcome. He returned to Europe with silk and gold.
[[xal:Васко да Гама]]
[[yo:Vasco da Gama]]
[[zh:瓦斯科·達伽馬]]
[[zh-yue:達伽馬]]

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