විකිපීඩියා:පරිශීලක ප්රවේශ මට්ටම්
A contributor's ability to perform certain actions in Wikipedia depends on his/her user access level. This is determined by whether the editor is logged in to an account, whether the account has a sufficient age and number of edits, and what additional rights ("user groups", also called "flags" or "bits") have been assigned manually to the account.
Everyone is able to read Wikipedia. Unless they are blocked, they may freely edit most pages without the need to be logged in. Being logged in gives users a number of advantages including the ability to create new pages. Accounts more than a certain number of days old with more than a certain number of edits automatically become autoconfirmed. Further access levels need to be assigned manually by a user with the appropriate authority. An editor with more experience and good standing can attempt to become an administrator (sysop), which provides a large number of advanced permissions. A number of other flags for specialized tasks are also available.
All visitors to the site, including unregistered users, are part of the '*' group, and all logged-in users are also part of the 'user' group. Users are automatically promoted into the Autoconfirmed/Established users pseudo-group when their account is more than four days old and has ten edits. Other flags are only given upon request; some, such as 'rollbacker' or 'bot', are granted unilaterally if the user demonstrates a need for them (see Wikipedia:Requests for permissions and Wikipedia:Bots/Requests for approval). Others, such as 'sysop' and 'bureaucrat', are given only after community discussion and consensus at Wikipedia:Requests for adminship. Users are only made members of groups such as 'oversight' and 'checkuser' with the approval of the Arbitration Committee and after confirming their identity with the Wikimedia Foundation.
The system-generated technical permissions are listed at Special:ListGroupRights.
Contributors who have not created an account or logged in are identified by their IP address rather than a user name, and may read all Wikipedia pages (except restricted special pages), and edit pages that are not protected or semi-protected. They may create talk pages in any talk namespace but may need to ask for help to create pages in some parts of the wiki. They cannot upload files or images. They must answer a CAPTCHA if they wish to make an edit which involves the addition of one or more external links, and click a confirm link to purge pages. All users may also query the site API in 500-record batches.
ස්වයංක්රීයව තහවුරුවූ පරිශීලකයෝසංස්කරණය
Several actions on the English Wikipedia are restricted to user accounts that have been created for a certain number of days and which have made a certain number of edits. Users who meet these requirements are considered part of the pseudo-group 'autoconfirmed'. Autoconfirmed status is checked every time a user performs a restricted action: it is then granted automatically by the software. Although the precise requirements for autoconfirmed status vary according to circumstances, most English Wikipedia user accounts that are more than four days old and have made at least 10 edits are considered autoconfirmed. However, users with IPBE editing through the Tor network are subjected to stricter autoconfirmed thresholds: 90 days and 100 edits.[උපුටාදැක්වීම අවශ්යයි]
Autoconfirmed status (or membership of the 'confirmed' group; see below) is required to move pages, edit semi-protected pages, and upload files or upload a new version of an existing file. Autoconfirmed users are no longer required to enter a CAPTCHA for most events. Autoconfirmed users may mark pages created by others as patrolled in Special:NewPages and save books to the Books namespace. In addition, the Edit filter has a number of warning settings that only affect editors who are not autoconfirmed.
As of August 2014, there are approximately 1.4 million autoconfirmed users on English Wikipedia, of which the vast majority are inactive.
පරිපාලකයෝ සහ bureaucratවරුසංස්කරණය
Administrator rights are granted by the community at Requests for Adminship (RfA). The RfA process involves considerable discussion and examination of their activities as an editor. Users who are members of this user group have access to a number of tools to allow them to carry out certain functions on the wiki. The tools cover processes such as page deletion, page protection, blocking and unblocking, access to modify fully protected pages and the Mediawiki interface. Administrators also have the ability to grant and remove account creator, rollback, ipblock-exempt, confirmed user, file mover, pending changes reviewer, autopatrolled, template editor and edit filter manager rights to other users, and to their own alternate accounts. By convention, administrators also normally take responsibility for judging the outcome of certain discussions requiring these technical controls (such as deletions). Administrators are not granted special editorial control over article content.
Administrators are also known historically as "sysops" (system operators). The two terms are used interchangeably.
See Special:ListUsers/sysop for a list of users in this group.
Bureaucrat rights are granted by the community at Requests for Bureaucratship (RfB) to exceptionally trusted users who are allowed to perform certain actions on other users' accounts.
Bureaucrats have extended access to Special:UserRights, enabling them to add users to the 'bureaucrat' group (but not remove them), and both add users to and remove users from the 'administrator' and 'bot' user groups. Bureaucrats can use Special:RenameUser to rename users (including themselves).
See Special:ListUsers/bureaucrat for a list of users in this group.
Other flags giving access to specialized functionsසංස්කරණය
Pending changes reviewerසංස්කරණය
Members of this group can review other users' edits to articles placed under pending changes protection. When pending changes was first implemented, the right was automatically assigned to administrators. Prior to September 2014, this right was known as "reviewer".
See Special:ListUsers/reviewer for a list of users in this group.
See Special:ListUsers/rollbacker for a list of users in this group.
ස්වයංක්රීයව මුර සංචාරයවීමසංස්කරණය
Members of this group have 'autopatrol', which allows them to have their pages automatically patrolled on the New Pages list. This right is automatically assigned to administrators. Prior to June 2010, this right was known as "autoreviewer".
See Special:ListUsers/autoreviewer for a list of users in this group.
In some situations, it is necessary for accounts to be exempted from the customary confirmation period. The 'confirmed' group contains the same rights as the 'autoconfirmed' pseudo-group, but can be granted by administrators as necessary. There is no point in giving this right to a user whose account is already autoconfirmed, because it provides exactly the same abilities. To request this permission see Wikipedia:Requests for permissions/Confirmed.
See Special:ListUsers/confirmed for a list of users in this group.
The file mover user right is intended to allow users experienced in working with files to rename them, subject to policy, with the ease that autoconfirmed users already enjoy when renaming Wikipedia articles. This right is automatically assigned to administrators.
See Special:ListUsers/filemover for a list of users in this group.
Users who are given the accountcreator flag ('accountcreator' user group) are not affected by the 6 account creation limit per day per IP, and can create accounts for other users without restriction. Users in this group can also override the anti-spoof checks on account creation. This right is automatically assigned to administrators. Additionally, the accountcreator flag allows users to edit or create editnotices.
See Special:ListUsers/accountcreator for a list of users in this group.
Members of this group are allowed to edit pages protected with template protection as well as create and edit editnotices. Template protection is only applied to pages in the template and module namespaces. It is intended to allow experienced template and module coders to make changes without having to request that an administrator make the edits for them.
See Special:ListUsers/templateeditor for a list of users in this group.
Users who are given the ipblock-exempt flag ('ipblock-exempt' user group) are not affected by autoblocks and blocks of IP addresses and ranges that aren't made with the "anonymous users only" setting. This right is automatically assigned to administrators and bots, however the flag must be added separately to enable editing from IP addresses affected by Tor blocks.
See Special:ListUsers/ipblock-exempt for a list of users in this group.
Edit Filter managersසංස්කරණය
Members of this group can create, modify and delete edit filters. This flag is given and removed by administrators. It is not assigned to administrators by default.
See Special:ListUsers/abusefilter for a list of users in this group.
Users who are given the oversight flag ('oversight' user group) have access to Special:HideRevision, through which they can permanently hide revisions of pages from all users, and Special:Oversight, where they can view a log of such actions and the content of the hidden revisions. This right is only granted to exceedingly few users who are at least 18 years old and have identified themselves to the Wikimedia Foundation. Oversights are also required to be administrators.
See Special:ListUsers/oversight for a list of users in this group.
Users who are given the checkuser flag ('checkuser' user group) have access to Special:CheckUser. They are able to view a list of all IP addresses used by a user account to edit the English Wikipedia, a list of all edits made by an IP, or all user accounts that have used an IP address. They may also view a log of such requests. This right is only granted to exceedingly few users who are at least 18 years old and have identified themselves to the Wikimedia Foundation. Checkusers are also required to be administrators.
See Special:ListUsers/checkuser for a list of users in this group.
Course coordinator, instructor, online and campus volunteerසංස්කරණය
Members of these user groups (in addition to administrators) can manage course pages in the "Education Program:" namespace. Course coordinator rights (as well as the instructor, online volunteer and campus volunteer rights) are assigned by administrators. Course coordinators may assign "course online volunteer", "course campus volunteer", and "course instructor" rights to other users. Online and campus volunteers, respectively, can designate themselves as supporters for individual courses (whom students can turn to for help, online or in person). They do this by going to the course page and using the software interface to associate their account with the course.
Mass message senderසංස්කරණය
Members of this group may send messages to multiple users at once.
Other flagged accountsසංස්කරණය
Accounts used by approved bots to make pre-approved edits can be flagged as such. Bot accounts are automated or semi-automated, the nature of their edits is well defined, and they will be quickly blocked if their actions vary from their given tasks, so they need less scrutiny than human edits.
For this reason, contributions from accounts with the bot flag ('bot' user group) are not displayed in recent changes or watchlists to users who have opted to hide bot edits. Minor edits made by bot accounts to user talk pages do not trigger the "you have new messages" banner. Bot accounts can query the API in batches of 5,000 rather than 500.
See Special:ListUsers/bot for a list of users in this group.
The 'founder' group was created on the English Wikipedia by developer Tim Starling, without community input, as a unique group for Jimmy Wales. The group gives Wales full access to user rights. As 'local founder actions' are usually of great interest to the local community, and are only relevant to the English Wikipedia, the local 'founder' right also has the benefit of allowing Wales' actions to be visible in the English Wikipedia rights log; actions performed with the global founder bit are not visible in that record, but only on the log at Metawiki.
The 'researcher' group was created in April 2010 to allow individuals explicitly approved by the Wikimedia Foundation to perform a title search for deleted pages and view deleted history entries but not to view the actual revisions of deleted pages. Policies governing the access level are under development by the Wikimedia Foundation Research Committee (RCom) and being discussed here at Wikipedia talk:FAQ/Research.
Importers and Transwikiසංස්කරණය
Transwiki and Importers are flags which give permissions on Special:Import. This interface allows users to move pages between Wikimedia wikis (for instance, to copy an article written in English on another-language wiki, while preserving full edit history). Although MediaWiki software provides the ability to import articles directly from XML (which may come from any wiki site), on en.wikipedia and most other Wikimedia projects this requires a special user right 'importupload' (formerly known as 'importraw'), which is restricted to Stewards and occasionally one or two other highly trusted users.
Indefinitely blocked usersසංස්කරණය
In general, rights of editors blocked indefinitely should be left as is. Rights specifically related to the reason for blocking may be removed at the discretion of the blocking or unblocking administrators.
Global rights have effects on all public Wikimedia wikis, but their use may be restricted by local policy, see Wikipedia:Global rights policy. For an automatically generated list of global groups with all their permissions, see Special:GlobalGroupPermissions. For a list of users along with their global groups, see Special:GlobalUsers.
Stewardship is an elected role, and stewards are appointed globally across all public Wikimedia wikis.
Users who are members of the 'steward' user group may grant and revoke any permission to or from any user on any wiki operated by the Wikimedia Foundation which allows open account creation. This group is set on MetaWiki, and may use meta:Special:Userrights to set permissions on any Wikimedia wiki; they may add or remove any user from any group configured on metawiki. Stewards generally act only when there is no user on a particular wiki that can make the necessary change. This includes granting of the 'administrator' or 'bureaucrat' access levels on wikis which do not have any local bureaucrats, and removing such flags if the user resigns or the account is acting maliciously. Stewards are also responsible for granting and revoking access levels such as 'oversight' and 'checkuser', as no other group is capable of making such changes except staff/sysadmins.
Stewards can also act as checkusers, oversighters, bureaucrats or administrators on wikis which do not have active local members of those groups. For example, if a wiki has a passing need for an edit to be oversighted, a steward can add themselves to the 'oversight' user group on that wiki, perform the necessary function, and then remove themselves from the 'oversight' group using their steward rights.
Most steward actions are logged at meta:Special:Log/rights or meta:Special:Log/gblrights (some go to meta:Stewards/Additional log for global changes). See Special:GlobalUsers/steward or meta:Special:ListUsers/steward for a list of users in this group.
Other global user groupsසංස්කරණය
- As a function of the Requests for adminship and Requests for Bureaucratship processes, all bureaucrats on the English Wikipedia are also administrators, and so have all the permissions of the 'sysop' user group in addition to those rights from the 'bureaucrat' group. However this is not a requirement of the MediaWiki software; it is technically possible for a user to be a bureaucrat without also being an admin.
- Deprecated permissions are either no longer assigned to any group, or the group to which they are assigned is no longer populated.
|අවසර දී ඇත||ප්රවේණිගත වී ඇත||ප්රතික්ෂේප කර ඇත||නිෂ්ප්රභ කර ඇත||රඳා පවතිනවා ඇත||සීමාසහිත වී ඇත|
|Allows user(s) to…||Blocked users||Anonymous
|abusefilter-log||view the abuse log|
|abusefilter-log-detail||view detailed abuse log entries|
|abusefilter-view||view abuse filters|
|abusefilter-revert||revert all changes by a given abuse filter|
|apihighlimits||request API queries in batches of 5,000, rather than 500|
|autoconfirmed||edit semi-protected pages|
|autopatrol||automatically mark all edits made by the user as patrolled||autopatrolled, Global rollbacker|
|bigdelete||delete pages with over 5,000 revisions|
|block||block an IP address, user name, or range of IPs, from editing|
|boardvote||check IPs and strike out votes during Board elections||boardvote|
|bot||edit without their edits showing up in recent changes|
|checkuser||see all IP addresses used by a registered user or to show all edits from a given IP address||checkuser|
|collectionsaveascommunitypage||Save books as community page in the book namespace|
|collectionsaveasuserpage||Save books as user subpage|
|createaccount||create a new user account for themselves or another user|
|createpage||create a new page|
|createtalk||create a new talk page|
|delete||delete a page with ≤ 5,000 revisions|
|deletedhistory||view the history of a deleted page or a user's deleted contributions|
|edit||edit any page which is not protected|
|editinterface||edit the MediaWiki namespace to affect the interface|
|edittalk||edit their own talk page|
|editusercssjs||edit .css or .js subpages of other users|
|hiderevision||permanently hide revisions from public view||oversight|
|import||Import pages from other wikis||Importers and Transwiki importers|
|importupload||import pages from a locally stored XML file||import|
|ipblockexempt||be unaffected by blocks applied to the user's IP address or a range (CIDR) containing it.||Ipblock-exempt|
|markbotedits||mark rollback as bot edits, to keep them out of recent changes||Global rollbacker|
|minoredit||make an edit marked as 'minor'|
|abusefilter-modify||modify abuse filters||Edit Filter managers|
|move||change the title of a page by moving it|
|movefile||change the title of a file by moving it|
|move-rootuserpages||Move root user pages|
|nominornewtalk||minor edits by this user to user talk pages do not trigger the "you have new messages" banner|
|noratelimit||Not be affected by rate limits||account creator, Global rollbacker|
|override-antispoof||blocks the creation of accounts with mixed-script, confusing and similar usernames||account creator|
|oversight||view revisions that have been permanently hidden||oversight|
|patrol||state that they have checked a page that appeared in Special:Newpages|
|protect||change protection levels, edit and move protected pages|
|purge||purge a page by adding
|renameuser||change the name of an existing account|
|reupload||overwrite an existing unprotected file|
|reupload-own||Overwrite existing files uploaded by oneself|
|rollback||use a special link to more easily revert a bad edit||(Global) rollbacker|
|sendemail||e-mail a user (using
|skipcaptcha||Perform captcha triggering actions without having to go through the captcha|
|suppressredirect||not create a redirect from the old name when moving a page||Global rollbacker|
|tboverride||Override the title blacklist||account creator|
|undelete||undelete a previously deleted page or specific revisions from it, view deleted revisions|
|unwatchedpages||view a list of pages which are not on anyone's watchlist|
|upload||upload a media file|
|userrights||change the user groups of another user||+/− rollbacker,
+/− Edit Filter managers
|+ bureaucrat, + sysop, +/− bot||steward, founder |
|writeapi||Use of the write API|
- The userright proxyunbannable is assigned to administrators but has no effect since WMF wikis use mw:Extension:TorBlock instead of the default mediawiki proxy blocker. Administrators are not exempt from tor blocks, only users in the IP block exemptions usergroup are, due to the torunblocked userright.
- IPs and new users are limited to 8 edits per minute. Autoconfirmed or confirmed users who are in no usergroup with the noratelimit userright are limited to 8 moves per minutes. Rollbackers in the same situation are limited to 100 rollbacks per minute. Account creations are subject to an IP based limit, set at 6 for WMF wikis, but users with noratelimit are unaffected.
User access level changesසංස්කරණය
|Confirmed||Bot||Sysop||Bureaucrat||Reviewer||Rollbacker||Checkuser||Autopatrolled||Oversight||Boardvote||Import||Ipblock-Exempt||Edit Filter managers||Account Creator|
- The Wikimedia Foundation has stated that an "RFA or RFA-identical process" is required for users to be granted access to deleted revisions and hence have the administrator user right.
- MediaWiki default settings are that the 'bureaucrats' group has the userrights flag (giving access to Special:UserRights) and can add or remove any flags. However this can be modified by mw:Manual:$wgAddGroups and mw:Manual:$wgRemoveGroups to restrict adding/removing flags to specified ones. Wikimedia's settings file uses these, and by default bureaucrats can only remove bot flags and add administrator, bureaucrat and bot flags. English Wikipedia, or 'enwiki', settings additionally permit adding accountcreator and removal of ipblock-exempt and accountcreator; which administrators can do anyway, and removal of sysop.
- Since August 2011, per සැකිල්ල:Bugzilla
- The group has access to the browsearchive and deletedhistory rights, as well apihighlimits (Wikimedia NOC)
- See the RfC at Wikipedia talk:User access levels/Archive 2#Rights of indef blocked users.
- The API query https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php?action=query&meta=userinfo&uiprop=ratelimits%7Cgroups can be used to check those values.
- Wikipedia:Editing restrictions: a list of users with editing restrictions that have been imposed by the Arbitration Committee
- Manual:User rights
- Meta:User groups
- User permissions API
- Wikipedia:Editorial oversight and control (explains the access structure from the perspective of quality control on Wikipedia)
- Wikipedia:Requests for permissions (to request certain userrights)