සැකිල්ල:Use Indian English

Patna
Metropolis
Anticlockwise from top: South-West Gandhi Maidan Marg, Stupa of Buddha Smriti Park, Skyline near Biscomaun Bhawan, Patna Museum, river Ganges, Mithapur Flyover and Statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Gandhi Maidan
Anticlockwise from top: South-West Gandhi Maidan Marg, Stupa of Buddha Smriti Park, Skyline near Biscomaun Bhawan, Patna Museum, river Ganges, Mithapur Flyover and Statue of Mahatma Gandhi in Gandhi Maidan
Patna is located in පැට්නා
Patna
Patna
Patna is located in බිහාරය
Patna
Patna
Patna is located in ඉන්දියාව
Patna
Patna
Patna is located in Asia
Patna
Patna
ඛණ්ඩාංක: 25°36′N 85°06′E / 25.6°N 85.1°E / 25.6; 85.1ඛණ්ඩාංක: 25°36′N 85°06′E / 25.6°N 85.1°E / 25.6; 85.1
CountryIndia
StateBihar
DivisionPatna
DistrictPatna
Ward75
Pataliputra490BC
ප්‍රාරම්භකයාUdayin
රජය
 • අධිකරණ වර්ගයMayor–Council
 • ඉහළම අධිකරණයPatna Municipal Corporation
 • MayorSita Sahu, BJP Supported[1]
 • Municipal CommissionerAnupam Kumar Suman, IRS
 • District MagistrateKumar Ravi, IAS
සරිය[2]
 • City250 කිමී2 (100 සතරැස් සැත)
 • නාගරික600 කිමී2 (200 සතරැස් සැත)
 • පුරවර1,167 කිමී2 (451 සතරැස් සැත)
භුමිප්‍රමාණ අනුස්ථිතිය18
උන්නතාංශය[3]53 මී (174 අඩි)
ජනගහණය(2011)[4]
 • City1,695,000 (IN: 19th)
 • නාගරික2,046,652 (IN: 18th)
 • පුරවර3,440,000
ජනනාමය(න්)Patnawaasi, Patnaites
Language
 • OfficialHindi[5]
 • Additional officialUrdu[5]
 • RegionalMagahi[6]
වේලා කලාපIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode(s)8000xx
Area Code(s)+91-612
ISO 3166 කේතයIN-BR-PA
වාහන ලියාපදිංචියBR-01
UN/LOCODEIN PAT
Sex ratio980 females per 1000 males [4] /
Lok Sabha constituenciesPatna Sahib and Pataliputra
Vidhan Sabha constituenciesDigha (181), Bankipur (182), Kumhrar (183), Patna Sahib (184), Fatuha (185), Danapur (186), Maner (187), Phulwari-SC (188)
Planning agencyPatna Metropolitan Area Authority
Bihar Urban Infrastructure Development Corporation
ClimateCwa (Köppen)
Precipitation1,100 මිලිමීටර (43 in)
Avg. annual temperature26 °C (79 °F)
Avg. summer temperature30 °C (86 °F)
Avg. winter temperature17 °C (63 °F)
වෙබ් අඩවියpatna.nic.in
patnanagarnigam.in

Patna (/ˈpætnə,_ˈpʌtʔ/,[7] Hindustani: [ˈpəʈnaː] ( අසන්න)) is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India.[8]It had an estimated city population of 2.48 million in 2021,[9] making it the 19th largest city in India.[10]Covering 250 square කිලෝmetres (97 sq mi) and over 2.5 million people, its urban agglomeration is the 18th largest in India. Patna serves as the seat of Patna High Court. One of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world,[11] Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadh Empire through Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Shunga, Gupta and Pala dynasties. Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine arts. It was home to many astronomers and scholars including Aryabhata, Vātsyāyana and Chanakya.[12][13] During the Maurya period (around 300 BCE) its population was about 400,000.[14] Patna served as the seat of power, and political and cultural centre of the Indian subcontinent during the Maurya and Gupta empires.[15] With the fall of the Gupta Empire, Patna lost its glory. It was revived again in the 17th century by the British as a centre of international trade. Following the partition of Bengal presidency in 1912, Patna became the capital of Bihar and Orissa Province.[16]

The modern city of Patna is mainly on the southern bank of the river Ganges. The city also straddles the rivers Sone, Gandak and Punpun. The city is approximately 35 කිලෝමීටර (22 mi) in length and 16 to 18 කිලෝමීටර (9.9 to 11.2 mi) wide. In June 2009, the World Bank ranked Patna second in India (after Delhi) for ease of starting a business.[17] As of 2015, Patna's per capita gross domestic product is INR1,06,000 ($1581).[18] Using figures for assumed average annual growth, Patna is the 21st fastest growing city in the world and 5th fastest growing city in India according to a study by the City Mayors Foundation. Patna registered an average annual growth of 3.72% during 2006–2010.[19] As of 2015, GDP per capita of Patna is ₹1,06,000 and its GDP growth rate is 7.29 per cent.


See alsoසංස්කරණය

Referencesසංස්කරණය

  1. "NDA-backed Sita Sahu is first woman mayor of Patna". 19 June 2017. Archived from the original on 22 June 2017.
  2. උපුටාදැක්වීම් දෝෂය: අනීතික <ref> ටැගය; Plan2015 නමැති ආශ්‍රේයන් සඳහා කිසිදු පෙළක් සපයා නොතිබුණි
  3. "CPRS Patna About Us". CRPS. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lac and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  6. "Magahi". Ethnologue (in ඉංග්‍රීසි). Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  7. Jones, Daniel (2003), Peter Roach; James Hartmann; Jane Setter, eds., English Pronouncing Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 3-12-539683-2 
  8. https://knowindia.gov.in/states-uts/bihar.php
  9. https://worldpopulationreview.com/world-cities/patna-population
  10. https://www.nriol.com/india-statistics/biggest-cities-india.asp
  11. "Populations of Largest Cities in PMNs from 2000BC to 1988AD". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007.
  12. "Patna Tour". cultureholidays.com. Archived from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  13. "Ancient Patliputra". go4patna.com. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  14. O'Malley, L. S. S. (2005). James, J. F. W. (ed.). History of Magadha. Delhi: Veena Publication. p. 23. ISBN 978-81-89224-01-1. Archived from the original on 28 May 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
  15. "The largest city in the world and other fabulous Mauryan facts". Archived from the original on 17 January 2019. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  16. උපුටාදැක්වීම් දෝෂය: අනීතික <ref> ටැගය; capital නමැති ආශ්‍රේයන් සඳහා කිසිදු පෙළක් සපයා නොතිබුණි
  17. "New Delhi, Patna best cities to start business: World Bank". The Times of India. PTI. 30 June 2009. Archived from the original on 16 May 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
  18. "Property Prices in Patna". Archived from the original on 12 August 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  19. උපුටාදැක්වීම් දෝෂය: අනීතික <ref> ටැගය; cmf නමැති ආශ්‍රේයන් සඳහා කිසිදු පෙළක් සපයා නොතිබුණි

Further readingසංස්කරණය

External linksසංස්කරණය

"https://si.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=පැට්නා&oldid=479608" වෙතින් සම්ප්‍රවේශනය කෙරිණි